Daphne Fautin

Professor, Emerita
Primary office:


Dr. Fautin is an invertebrate zoologist specializing in sea anemones and in symbiosis.

An invertebrate zoologist, I do research centered on sea anemones. Because one of my major interests is symbiosis, I have worked also on a variety of organisms that live with sea anemones, including fishes, crustaceans, and algae. A recurring theme of this research is choice among species of potential symbiotic partners. Many of the symbioses I have studied -- such as those of anemonefishes and anemoneshrimps -- are associated with coral reefs, one of my environmental foci. My doctoral research was on sea anemone reproduction. That interest continues, with some of my current research being on reproductive periodicity of an abyssal species. I am also interested in general natural history, particularly with regard to habitat specificity. My post-doctoral research was in pharmacognosy -- I extracted biologically active compounds from sea anemones for possible development as new pharmaceuticals.

A theme running throughout much of this research is taxonomy and systematics. In order to understand the subtle distinctions among symbiotic pairs of different species, good identifications are necessary. Stimulated by habitat similarities and differences between corals and sea anemones, I have done research on the evolutionary links between them. I have assembld an inventory of all the sea anemone species of the world (which number about 1000), and that has been extended to sea anemone relatives such as corals [http://hercules.kgs.ku.edu/hexacoral/anemone2/index.cfm]. The graduate students doing research in my laboratory work entirely or in part on systematic issues; undergraduates work on various aspects of the database including biogeography, and developing glossaries and keys. See some of their work at http://www.nhm.ku.edu/inverts.

I am active in professional organizations, currently serving on the International Steering Committee of the Ocean Biogeographic Information System, serving on the US National Committee for the International Union of Biological Sciences, and chairing the US National Committee for the Census of Marine Life. I have served on the editorial board of several scientific publications, and I teach a course on scientific communication.

Selected Publications

  • Appletans, W. and D. G. Fautin. 2012. "The magnitude of global marine species diversity" Current Biology. 22. 1-14.
  • Eash-Loucks, W. E. and D. G. Fautin. 2012. "Taxonomy and distribution of sea anemones (Cnidaria: Actiniaria and Corallimorpharia) from deep water of the northeastern Pacific" Zootaxa. 3375. 1-80.
  • Fautin, D. G.. 2012. "Marine biodiversity: the benthos" Biology International. 51. 36-48.
  • Sedberry, G. R., D. G. Fautin, M. Feldmen, M. D. Fornwall, P. Goldstein, and R. P. Guralnick. 2011. "OBIS-USA: A data-sharing legacy of the Census of Marine Life" Oceanography. 24(2). 166-173.
  • Amaral-Zettler, L., J. E. Duffy, D. G. Fautin, G. Paulay, T. Rynearson, H. Sosik, and J. J. Stachowicz. 2011. "Attaining an Operational Marine Biodiversity Observation Network (BON) Synthesis Report"
  • Crowther, A. L., D. G. Fautin, and C. C. Wallace. 2011. "Stylobates birtlesi sp. n., a new species of carcinoecium-forming sea anemone (Cnidaria, Actiniaria, Actiniidae) from eastern Australia" Zookeys. 89. 33-48.
  • Fautin, D. G.. 2011. "Corallimorphus niwa new species (Cnidaria: Anthozoa), New Zealand members of Corallimorphus, and redefinition of Corallimorphidae and its members" Zootaxa. 2275. 37-49.
  • Fautin, D. G. et al. 2010. "An overview of marine biodiversity in United States waters" PLoS ONE. 5(8). e11914.
  • Eash-Loucks, W. E., S. C. Jewett, D. G. Fautin, H. Chenelot, and M. K. Hoberg. 2010. "Ptychodactis aleutiensis, a new species of ptychodactiarian sea anemone (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Actiniaria) from the Aleutian Islands, Alaska" Marine Biology Research. 6. 570-578.
  • Palumbi, S. R. et al. 2009. "Managing for ocean biodiversity: creating a national biodiversity conservation agenda to sustain marine ecosystem services" Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 7. 204-211.
  • Fautin, D. G., J. M. Guinotte, and J. C. Orr. 2009. "Comparative depth distribution of corallimorpharians and scleractinians (Cnidaria: Anthozoa)" Marine Ecology Progress Series. 397. 63-70.
  • Philipp, N. A. and D. G. Fautin. 2009. "Three new species of shallow water, yellow zoanthids (Hexacorallia: Zoanthidea: Epizoanthidae) from southern California, USA, and southern Australia" Zootaxa. 2058. 53-61.
  • Ardelean, A., K. Kervin, S. Kansakar, and D. G. Fautin. 2009. "Syngraph: an application for graphic display and interactive use of synonym lists" Zootaxa. 2283. 29-39.
  • Fautin, D. G.. 2009. "Structural diversity, systematics, and evolution of cnidae" Toxicon. 54. 1054-1064.
  • Fautin, D. G., S. H. Tan, and R. Tan. 2009. "Sea anemones (Cnidaria: Actiniaria) of Singapore: abundant and well-known shallow-water species" Bulletin of the Raffles Museum Supplement. 22. 121-143.
  • Cairns, S. D. et al. 2009. "Phylum Cnidaria: corals, medusae, hydroids, myxozoans" New Zealand Inventory of Biodiversity, Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. edited by Gordon, D. P.. 1. 59-101.
  • Fautin, D. G.. 2009. "Lots of Copies still need the focal function of libraries" Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature. 66(3). 219-220.
  • Reft, A., J. A. Westfall, and D. G. Fautin. 2009. "Formation of the apical flaps in nematocysts of sea anemones (Cnidaria: Actiniaria)" Biological Bulletin. 217. 25-34.
  • Cairns, S. D. and D. G. Fautin. 2009. "Cnidaria: Introduction" The Gulf of Mexico: Origin, Waters, and Biota. edited by Felder, D. L. and D. A. Camp. 1. 315-319.
  • Fautin, D. G. and M. Daly. 2009. "Actiniaria, Corallimorpharia, and Zoanthidea (Cnidaria: Anthozoa) of the Gulf of Mexico" The Gulf of Mexico: Origin, Waters, and Biota. edited by Felder, D. L. and D. A. Camp. 1. 349-357.
  • Goodwill, R. H., D. G. Fautin, J. Furey, and M. Daly. 2009. "A sea anemone symbiotic with gastropods of eight species in the Mariana Islands" Micronesica. 41(1). 117-130.
  • Fautin, D. G. and R. H. Goodwill. 2009. "Neoaiptasia morbilla new species (Cnidaria: Actiniaria), a sea anemone symbiont of sand-dwelling gastropods on Saipan, Mariana Islands, with comments on some other such associations" Micronesica. 41(1). 101-115.
  • Fautin, D. G., C. H. Hand, and M. Daly. 2009. "Haliplanella Hand, 1956 (Anthozoa, Actiniaria): proposed conservation by suppression of Haliplanella Treadwell, 1943 (Polychaeta)" Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature. 66. 312-316.
  • Fautin, D. G. and R. W. Buddemeier. 2008. "Inferring distributions of organisms from sparse occurrence data: KGSMapper" 14(1). 48-49.
  • Daly, M. et al. 2007. "The phylum Cnidaria: A review of phylogenetic patterns and diversity 300 years after Linnaeus" Zootaxa. edited by Zhang, Z. and W. A. Shear. 1668. 127–182.
  • Fautin, D. G., C. P. Hickman, M. Daly, and T. Molodtsova. 2007. "Shallow-water sea anemones (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Actiniaria) and tube anemones (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Ceriantharia) of the Galápagos Islands" Pacific Science. 61(4). 549-573.
  • Fautin, D. G., T. Zelenchuk, and D. Raveendran. 2007. "Genera of orders Actiniaria and Corallimorpharia (Cnidaria, Anthozoa, Hexacorallia), and their type species" Zootaxa. edited by Zhang, Z. and W. A. Shear. 1668. 183–244.
  • Fautin, D. G.. 2007. "Cnidaria" Sampling Biodiversity in Coastal Communities. edited by Rigby, P. R., K. Iken, and Y. Shirayama. 52-55.
  • Fautin, D. G.. 2007. "Cnidaria" Sampling Biodiversity in Coastal Communities. edited by Rigby, P. R., K. Iken, and Y. Shirayama. 52-55.
  • Fautin, D. G. and C. H. Hand. 2007. "Actiniaria" The Light and Smith Manual: Intertidal Invertebrates from Central California to Oregon. edited by Carlton, J. T.. 134-135.
  • Fautin, D. G.. 2007. "Actinaria of New Caledonia" Documents Scientifiques et Techniques (Centre IRD de Nouméa). edited by Payri, C. E. and B. Richer de Forges. 117. 135.
  • Cairns, S. D., F. M. Bayer, and D. G. Fautin. 2007. "Galatheanthemum profundale (Anthozoa: Actiniaria) in the western Atlantic" Bulletin of Marine Science. 80(1). 191-200.
  • Guinotte, J. M., J. D. Bartley, A. Igbal, D. G. Fautin, and R. W. Buddemeier. 2006. "Modeling habitat distribution from organism occurrences and environmental data: a case study using anemonefishes and their sea anemone hosts" Marine Ecology Progress Series. 316. 269-283.
  • Fautin, D. G.. 2005. "Three species of intertidal sea anemones (Anthozoa: Actiniidae) from the tropical Pacific: description of Anthopleura buddemeieri n. sp., with remarks on Anthopleura asiatica and Gyractis sesere" Pacific Science. 59(3). 379-391.
  • Fautin, D. G., M. Daly, and V. A. Cappola. 2005. "Sea anemones (Cnidaria: Actiniaria) of the Faroe Islands: a preliminary list and biogeographic context" Annales Societatis Scientiarum Færoensis Supplementum. 41. 77-87.
  • Ardelean, A. and D. G. Fautin. 2004. "Variability in nematocysts from a single individual of the sea anemone Actinodendron arboreum (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Actiniaria)" Hydrobiologia. 530/531. 189-197.
  • Buddemeier, R. W., A. C. Baker, D. G. Fautin, and J. R. Jacobs. 2004. "The adaptive hypothesis of bleaching" Coral Health and Disease. edited by Rosenberg, E. and Y. Loya. 427-444.
  • Cha, H., R. W. Buddemeier, D. G. Fautin, and P. Sandhei. 2004. "Distribution of sea anemones (Cnidaria, Actiniaria) in Korea analyzed by environmental clustering" Hydrobiologia. 530/531. 497-502.
  • Fautin, D. G. and R. W. Buddemeier. 2004. "Adaptive bleaching: a general phenomenon" Hydrobiologia. 530/531. 459-467.
  • Daly, M., A. Ardelean, H. Cha, A. C. Campbell, and D. G. Fautin. 2004. "A new species, Adamsia obvolva (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Actiniaria), from the Gulf of Mexico, and a discussion of the taxonomy of carcinoecium-forming sea anemones" Bulletin of Marine Science. 74(2). 385-399.
  • Daly, M. and D. G. Fautin. 2004. "Anthopleura mariscali, a new species of sea anemone (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Actiniaria) from the Galapagos Islands" Zootaxa. 416. 1-8.
  • Daly, M., D. G. Fautin, and V. A. Cappola. 2003. "Systematics of the Hexacorallia (Cnidaria: Anthozoa)" Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 139. 419-437.
  • Fautin, D. G. and J. C. den Hartog. 2003. "An unusual sea anemone from slope depths of the tropical west Pacific: range extension and redescription of Isactinernus quadrilobatus Carlgren, 1918 (Cnidaria: Actiniaria: Actinernidae)" Zoologische Verhandelingen. 345. 103-116.
  • Fautin, D. G., T. R. White, and K. E. Pearson. 2002. "Two new species of deep-water Corallimorpharia (Cnidaria: Anthozoa) from the northeast Pacific, Corallimorphus denhartogi and C. pilatus" Pacific Science. 56(2). 113-124.
  • Buddemeier, R. W. and D. G. Fautin. 2002. "Social behavior in a research society" Coral Reefs. 21. 9-11.
  • Fautin, D. G.. 2002. "Reproduction of Cnidaria" Canadian Journal of Zoology. 80(10). 1735-1754.
  • Buddemeier, R. W. and D. G. Fautin. 2002. "Large-scale dynamics: the state of the science, the state of the reef, and the research issues" Coral Reefs. 21. 1-8.
  • Randall, J. E. and D. G. Fautin. 2002. "Fishes other than anemonefishes that associate with sea anemones" Coral Reefs. 21(2). 188-192.
  • Cairns, S. D. et al. 2002. "Common and scientific names of aquatic invertebrates from the United States and Canada: Cnidaria and Ctenophora, second edition" 28. 1-115.
  • Stanley, G. D. and D. G. Fautin. 2001. "The origins of modern corals" Science. 291. 1913-1914.
  • Arellano, S. M. and D. G. Fautin. 2001. "Redescription and range extension of the sea anemone Exocoelactis actinostoloides (Wassilieff, 1908), with revision of genus Exocoelactis (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Actiniaria)" Zoosystema. 23(4). 645-657.
  • Fautin, D. G.. 2000. "Electronic atlas of sea anemones: an OBIS pilot project" Oceanography. 13(2). 66-69.
  • Tudhope, A. W., R. W. Buddemeier, C. P. Chilcott, K. R. Berryman, D. G. Fautin, M. Jebb, J. H. Lipps, R. G. Pearce, T. P. Scoffin, and G. B. Shimmield. 2000. "Alternating seismic uplift and subsidence in the late Holocene at Madang, Papaua New Guinea: Evidence from raised reefs" Journal of Geophysical Research, Solid Earth. 105(B6). 13797-13807.
  • Cappola, V. A. and D. G. Fautin. 2000. "All three species of Ptychodactiaria belong to order Actiniaria (Cnidaria: Anthozoa)" Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. 80. 995-1005.
  • Arvedlund, M., M. I. McCormick, D. G. Fautin, and M. Bildsøe. 1999. "Host recognition and possible imprinting in the anemonefish Amphiprion melanopus (Pisces: Pomacentridae)" Marine Ecology Progress Series. 188. 207-218.
  • Fautin, D. G. and L. Watling. 1999. "A review of textbooks of invertebrate zoology" American Zoologist. 39(4). 818-824.
  • Fautin, D. G.. 1998. "Class Anthozoa: Orders Actiniaria, Ceriantharia, and Zoanthinaria (Chapter 3)" Taxonomic Atlas of the Benthic Fauna of the Santa Maria Basin and Western Santa Barbara Channel. edited by Scott, P. V. and J. A. Blake. 3. 113-139.
  • Fautin, D. G.. 1997. "Marianactis bythios" Handbook of Deep-sea Hydrothermal Vent Fauna. edited by Desbruyères, D. and M. Segonzac. 29.
  • Fautin, D. G.. 1997. "Cnidarian reproduction: assumptions and their implications" Coelenterate Biology: Proceedings of the Sixth International Congress of Coelenterate Biology. edited by den Hartog, J. C.. 151-162.
  • Buddemeier, R. W. and D. G. Fautin. 1996. "Saturation state and the evolution and biogeography of symbiotic calcification" Bulletin de l'Institut Océanographique. 14(4). 23-32.
  • Ware, J. R., D. G. Fautin, and R. W. Buddemeier. 1996. "Patterns of coral bleaching: modeling the adaptive bleaching hypothesis" Ecological Modelling. 84. 199-214.
  • Guo, C., J. Hwang, and D. G. Fautin. 1996. "Host selection by shrimps symbiotic with sea anemones: a field survey and experimental laboratory analysis" Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. 202. 165-176.
  • Buddemeier, R. W. and D. G. Fautin. 1996. "Global CO2 and evolution among the Scleractinia" Bulletin de l'Institut Océanographique. 14(4). 33-38.
  • Fautin, D. G.. 1995. "Preface: Sustainability -- more than a buzz-word?" Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics. 26. v-x.
  • Fautin, D. G., C. Guo, and J. Hwang. 1995. "Costs and benefits of the symbiosis between the anemoneshrimp Periclimenes brevicarpalis and its host Entacmaea quadricolor" Marine Ecology Progress Series. 129. 77-84.
  • Westbroek, P., B. Buddemeier, M. Coleman, D. J. Kok, D. G. Fautin, and L. Stal. 1994. "Strategies for the study of climate forcing by calcification" Bulletin de l'Institut Océanographique. 13. 37-60.
  • Buddemeier, R. W. and D. G. Fautin. 1993. "Coral bleaching as an adaptive mechanism: a testable hypothesis" BioScience. 43(5). 320-326.
  • Fautin, D. G. and J. M. Lowenstein. 1992. "Scyphomedusae and their polyps are the same immunologically: implications for systematics" Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. 102B(1). 13-14.
  • Fautin, D. G. and G. R. Allen. 1992. "Field guide to anemonefishes and their host sea anemones" 160 pages.
  • Godwin, J. and D. G. Fautin. 1992. "Defense of host actinians by anemonefishes" Copeia. 3. 903-908.
  • Fautin, D. G.. 1992. "Cnidaria (Chapter 2)" Reproductive Biology of Invertebrates (Sexual Differentiation and Behaviour). edited by Adiyodi, K. G. and R. G. Adiyodi. 5. 31-52.
  • Fautin, D. G.. 1992. "Anemonefish recruitment: the roles of order and chance" Symbiosis. 14. 143-160.
  • Fautin, D. G.. 1991. "The anemonefish symbiosis: what is known and what is not" Symbiosis. 10. 23-46.
  • Edmands, S. and D. G. Fautin. 1991. "Redescription of Aulactinia veratra n. comb. (= Cnidopus veratra) (Coelenterata: Actiniaria) from Australia" Records of the Western Australian Museum. 15(1). 59-68.
  • Fautin, D. G.. 1991. "Developmental pathways of anthozoans" Hydrobiologia. 216/217. 143-149.
  • Cairns, S. D. et al. 1991. "Common and scientific names of aquatic invertebrates from the United States and Canada: Cnidaria and Ctenophora" 22. 1-75.
  • Fautin, D. G. and R. N. Mariscal. 1991. "Cnidaria: Anthozoa (Chapter 6)" Microscopic Anatomy of Invertebrates. edited by Harrison, F. G., J. A. Westfall, and A. Liss. 2. 267-358.
  • Fautin, D. G. and W. K. Fitt. 1991. "A jellyfish-eating sea anemone (Cnidaria: Actiniaria) from Palau: Entacmaea medusivora sp. nov" Hydrobiologia. 216/217. 453-461.
  • Fautin, D. G., A. Bucklin, and C. H. Hand. 1990. "Systematics of sea anemones belonging to genus Metridium (Coelenterata: Actiniaria), with a description of M. giganteum new species" Wasmann Journal of Biology. 47(1-2). 77-85.
  • Larson, R. J. and D. G. Fautin. 1989. "Stauromedusae of the genus Manania (=Thaumatoscyphus) (Cnidaria, Scyphozoa) in the Northeast Pacific, including descriptions of new species M. gwilliami and M. handi" Canadian Journal of Zoology. 67(6). 1543-1549.
  • Fautin, D. G., J. G. Spaulding, and F. Chia. 1989. "Cnidaria (Chapter 2)" Reproductive Biology of Invertebrates, Part A (Fertilization, Development, and Parental Care). edited by Adiyodi, K. G. and R. G. Adiyodi. 4. 43-62.
  • Fautin, D. G.. 1988. "Sea anemones of Madang Province" Science in New Guinea. 14(1). 22-29.
  • Carlton, J. T., D. G. Fautin, M. G. Kellogg, B. E. Weitbrecht, and A. M. Kuris. 1988. "Professor Ralph I. Smith: a tribute to his manuals of marine invertebrates and to his academic progeny" Veliger. 31(1-2). 135-138.
  • Fautin, D. G.. 1988. "Introduction" Memoirs of the California Academy of Sciences 13. vii-viii.
  • Fautin, D. G.. 1988. "Importance of nematocysts to actinian taxonomy" The Biology of Nematocysts. edited by Hessinger, D. A. and H. M. Lenhoff. 487-500.
  • Fautin, D. G.. 1988. "Biomedical Importance of Marine Organisms" 13. 1-159.
  • Fautin, D. G., R. A. Eppard, and R. W. Mead. 1988. "Acontiophorum niveum (Cnidaria, Anthozoa), a new species of acontiate sea anemone, with descriptions of actinian families Mimetridiidae and Ramireziidae" Wasmann Journal of Biology. 45(1-2). 26-33.
  • Fautin, D. G., A. E. Siebert, and E. N. Kozloff. 1987. "Class Anthozoa" Marine Invertebrates of the Pacific Northwest. edited by Kozloff, E. N.. 68-78.
  • Fautin, D. G.. 1986. "Why do anemonefishes inhabit only some host actinians?" Environmental Biology of Fishes. 15(3). 171-180.
  • Fautin, D. G. and F. Chia. 1986. "Revision of sea anemone genus Epiactis (Coelenterata: Actiniaria) on the Pacific coast of North America, with descriptions of two new brooding species" Canadian Journal of Zoology. 64(8). 1665-1674.
  • Fautin, D. G. and B. E. Weitbrecht. 1985. "Catalog of non-asteroid, non-mollusk type-specimens in the Department of Invertebrate Zoology, California Academy of Sciences" 143. 1-21.
  • Fautin, D. G.. 1984. "More Antarctic and Subantarctic sea anemones (Coelenterata: Corallimorpharia and Actiniaria)" 41(1). 1-42.

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