Dr. Val H. Smith

Val H. Smith

Professor, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
Haworth Hall

Dr. Val Smith's research program focuses on the relationships between resource supplies and the structure and function of biological systems.

My primary area of expertise is in the area of phytoplankton ecology, and I have worked extensively on the relationships between nutrient loading and the occurrence of bloom-forming blue-green algae in lakes and estuaries worldwide. I have extensive experience in the quantitative comparative analysis of both aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems, and I have strong interests in the mechanisms that generate and maintain biological diversity. In addition, I interested in the mechanisms that regulate the biogeochemical cycles of carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus. I have recently expanded my research into the area of disease ecology, and I am involved in both empirical and experimental investigations of the relationships between host nutrition and the outcome of infectious disease in both plants and animals. In addition, I am actively involved in KU's Feedstock to Tailpipe Initiative; my team seeks to produce renewable biofuels from algae produced in wastewater-fed, outdoor bioreactors.

Selected Publications

  • J. C. Hunter-Cevera et al. 2012. "Sustainable Development of Algal Biofuels in the United States" National Research Council (NRC). 344 pages.
  • Martín-Cereceda, M., V. H. Smith, and M. Kyle. 2012. "Variation of metal content in 15 bacteria grown under carbon-, iron-, nitrogen-, and phosphorus-limiting conditions" Microbes in Applied Research: Current Advances and Challenges. edited by Mendez-Vilas, A.. 192-198.
  • Snow, A. A. and V. H. Smith. 2012. "Genetically engineered algae for biofuels: A key role for ecologists" BioScience. 62. 765-768.
  • Sturm, B. S. M., E. Peltier, V. H. Smith, and F. J. deNoyelles. 2012. "Controls of microalgal biomass and lipid production in municipal wastewater-fed bioreactors" Environmental Progress and Sustainable Energy. 31. 10-16.
  • Foster, B. L., E. J. Questad, C. D. Collins, C. A. Murphy, T. L. Dickson, and V. H. Smith. 2011. "Seed availability constrains plant species sorting along a soil fertility gradient" Journal of Ecology. 99. 473-481.
  • Dzialowski, A. R., V. H. Smith, S. H. Wang, and F. J. deNoyelles. 2011. "Effects of non-algal turbidity on cyanobacterial biomass in seven turbid Kansas reservoirs" Journal of Lake and Reservoir Management. 27. 6-14.
  • Smith, V. H.. 2010. "Vitamin C deficiency is an under-diagnosed contributor to degenerative disc disease in the elderly" Medical Hypotheses. 74. 695-697.
  • Smith, V. H., B. S. M. Sturm, F. J. deNoyelles, and S. A. Billings. 2010. "The ecology of algal biodiesel production" Trends in Ecology and Evolution. 25. 301-309.
  • Souchu, P., B. Bec, V. H. Smith, T. Laugier, A. Fiandrino, L. Benau, V. Orsoni, Y. Collos, and A. Vaquer. 2010. "Patterns in nutrient limitation and chlorophyll-a along an anthropogenic eutrophication gradient in French Mediterranean coastal lagoons" Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 67. 743-753.
  • Foster, B. L., I. S. Khavin, C. A. Murphy, V. H. Smith, M. E. Ramspott, K. P. Price, and K. Kindscher. 2010. "Integrated responses of grassland biodiversity and ecosystem properties to hay management: A field experiment" Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science. 113. 103-119.
  • Smith, V. H., A. E. Hershey, and R. W. Drenner. 2009. "W. John O'Brien: A distinguished limnologist and ecologist, and a wonderful story-teller" Fundamental and Applied Limnology. 175. 181-184.
  • Smith, V. H. and D. W. Schindler. 2009. "Reply to Russell and Connell: Eutrophication science: Where do we go from here?" Trends in Ecology and Evolution. 24. 528-529.
  • Smith, V. H., A. E. Hershey, and R. W. Drenner. 2009. "Obituary: W. John O’Brien, 1943-2009" ASLO Bulletin. 18(4). 98-99.
  • Smith, V. H. and D. W. Schindler. 2009. "Eutrophication science: Where do we go from here?" Trends in Ecology and Evolution. 24. 201-207.
  • Dzialowski, A. R., V. H. Smith, D. G. Huggins, F. J. deNoyelles, N. C. Lim, and J. Beury. 2009. "Development of predictive models for geosmin-related taste and odor in Midwestern U.S. drinking water reservoirs" Water Research. 43. 2829-2840.
  • Frost, P. C., D. Ebert, and V. H. Smith. 2008. "Responses of a bacterial pathogen to phosphorus limitation of its aquatic invertebrate host" Ecology. 89. 313-318.
  • Yanik, E. L. and V. H. Smith. 2008. "Effects of food supply on susceptibility of Culex mosquitoes to the fungal biocontrol agent, Beauveria bassiana" Verhandlungen der Internationale Vereinegung für Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie. 30(4). 509-511.
  • Dzialowski, A. R. and V. H. Smith. 2008. "Context dependent effects of consumer identity and diversity on freshwater ecosystem function" Freshwater Biology. 53. 148-158.
  • Frost, P. C., D. Ebert, and V. H. Smith. 2008. "Bacterial infection changes the elemental composition of Daphnia magna" Journal of Animal Ecology. 77. 1265-1272.
  • Smith, V. H.. 2007. "Using primary productivity as an index of coastal eutrophication: the units of measurement matter" Journal of Plankton Research. 29. 1-6.
  • Smith, V. H.. 2007. "Microbial diversity-productivity relationships in aquatic ecosystems" FEMS Microbiology Ecology. 62. 181-186.
  • Smith, V. H.. 2007. "Host resource supplies influence the dynamics and outcome of infectious disease" Integrative and Comparative Biology. 47. 310-316.
  • Hall, S. D., M. A. Leibold, D. A. Lytle, and V. H. Smith. 2007. "Grazers, producer stoichiometry, and the light:nutrient hypothesis revisited" Ecology. 88. 1142-1152.
  • Dzialowski, A. R., V. H. Smith, and J. T. Lennon. 2007. "Food web structure provides biotic resistance against plankton invasion attempts" Biological Invasions. 9. 257-267.
  • Horner-Devine, M. C. et al. 2007. "A comparison of taxon co-occurrence patterns for macro- and microorganisms" Ecology. 88. 1345-1353.
  • Hessen, D. O., B. Faafeng, V. H. Smith, and B. Walseng. 2006. "Zooplankton species richness in lakes: extrinsic constraints and intrinsic drivers" Ecology. 87. 433-443.
  • Smith, V. H.. 2006. "Teaching objective science" Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 4. 59.
  • Smith, V. H.. 2006. "Responses of estuarine and coastal marine phytoplankton to nitrogen and phosphorus enrichment" Limnology and Oceanography. 51. 377-384.
  • Smith, V. H.. 2006. "National Science Foundation’s Research Experiences for Undergraduates Program" Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America. 87(4). 248.
  • Hughes Martiny, J. B. et al. 2006. "Microbial biogeography: putting microbes on the map" Nature Reviews Microbiology. 4. 102-112.
  • Hall, S. R., M. A. Leibold, D. A. Lytle, and V. H. Smith. 2006. "Inedible plants in stoichiometrically-explicit food webs: inter-trophic competition and controls on food quality for grazers" American Naturalist. 167. 628-637.
  • Smith, V. H., S. B. Joye, and R. W. Howarth. 2006. "Eutrophication of freshwater and marine ecosystems" Limnology and Oceanography. 51. 351-355.
  • Seip, K. L., M. Alvarez Cobelas, M. S. Doledec, J. Fang, V. H. Smith, and O. S. Vorontsova. 2005. "Preferences for environmental issues among environmentally-concerned citizens in six countries" Environmental Conservation. 32. 288-293.
  • Smith, V. H., B. L. Foster, J. P. Grover, R. D. Holt, M. A. Leibold, and F. J. deNoyelles. 2005. "Phytoplankton species richness scales consistently from laboratory microcosms to the world’s oceans" Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA. 102. 4393-4396.
  • Smith, V. H.. 2005. "Opinion versus scientific consensus" Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 3. 302.
  • Smith, V. H., T. P. Jones, and M. S. Smith. 2005. "Nutrition and disease: An ecological view" Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 3. 268-274.
  • Smith, V. H.. 2005. "Geddes’ second letter" Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 3. 469-470.
  • Hall, S. R., V. H. Smith, D. A. Lytle, and M. A. Leibold. 2005. "Constraints on primary producer N:P stoichiometry along N:P supply ratio gradients" Ecology. 86. 1894-1904.
  • Wang, S. H., D. G. Huggins, L. Frees, C. G. Volkman, N. C. Lim, D. S. Baker, V. H. Smith, and F. J. deNoyelles. 2005. "An integrated modeling approach to total watershed management: Water quality and watershed assessment of Cheney Reservoir, Kansas, USA" Water, Air, and Soil Pollution. 164. 1-19.
  • Hall, S. R., M. A. Leibold, D. A. Lytle, and V. H. Smith. 2004. "Stoichiometry and grazer community composition over gradients of light, nutrients, and predation risk" Ecology. 85. 2291-2301.
  • Foster, B. L., T. L. Dickson, C. A. Murphy, I. S. Karel, and V. H. Smith. 2004. "Propagule pools mediate community assembly and diversity-ecosystem regulation along a grassland productivity gradient" Journal of Ecology. 92. 435-499.
  • Graham, D. W. and V. H. Smith. 2004. "Designed ecosystem services: Applications of ecological principles in wastewater treatment engineering" Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 2. 199-206.
  • Chapin, B. R. K., F. DeNoyelles, D. W. Graham, and V. H. Smith. 2004. "A deep maximum of green sulphur bacteria (Chlorochromatium aggregatum) in a strongly stratified reservoir" Freshwater Biology. 49. 1337-1354.
  • Earnhart, D. and V. H. Smith. 2003. "The countervailing effects of atrazine on water recreation: I. How do recreators evaluate them?" Water Resources Research. 39. 1081.
  • Dzialowski, A. R., J. T. Lennon, W. J. O'Brien, and V. H. Smith. 2003. "Predator-induced phenotypic plasticity in the exotic cladoceran Daphnia lumholtzi" Freshwater Biology. 48. 1593-1602.
  • Havens, K. E., R. T. James, T. L. East, and V. H. Smith. 2003. "N:P Ratios, light limitation, and cyanobacterial dominance in a subtropical lake impacted by non-point source nutrient pollution" Environmental Pollution. 122. 379-390.
  • Lennon, J. T., V. H. Smith, and A. R. Dzialowski. 2003. "Invasibility of plankton food webs along a trophic state gradient" Oikos. 103. 191-203.
  • Smith, V. H.. 2003. "Eutrophication of freshwater and marine ecosystems: A global problem" Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 10. 126-139.
  • Wilson, B. A., V. H. Smith, F. J. deNoyelles, and C. K. Larive. 2003. "Effects of three pharmaceutical and personal care products on natural freshwater algal assemblages" Environmental Science and Technology. 37. 1713-1719.
  • Horner-Devine, C., M. A. Leibold, V. H. Smith, and B. J. M. Bohannan. 2003. "Bacterial diversity patterns along a gradient of primary productivity" Ecology Letters. 6. 1-10.
  • Dodds, W. K., V. H. Smith, and K. Lohman. 2002. "Nitrogen and phosphorus relationships to benthic algal biomass in temperate streams" Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 59. 865-874.
  • Smith, V. H., J. Sieber-Denlinger, F. J. deNoyelles, S. Campbell, S. Pan, S. J. Randtke, G. T. Blain, and V. A. Strasser. 2002. "Managing taste and odor problems in a eutrophic drinking water reservoir" Lake and Reservoir Management. 18. 318-322.
  • Foster, B. L., V. H. Smith, T. L. Dickson, and T. J. Hildebrand. 2002. "Invasibility and compositional stability in a grassland community: relationships to diversity and extrinsic factors" Oikos. 99. 301-308.
  • Smith, V. H.. 2002. "Engaging students in the classroom" Reflections from the Classroom. 5. 9-11.
  • Smith, V. H.. 2002. "Effects of resource supplies on the structure and function of microbial communities" Antonie van Leeuwenhoek. 81(1-4). 99-106.
  • Smith, V. H.. 2001. "On exam-writing strategies" Teaching Matters. 5(2). 3.
  • Lennon, J. T., V. H. Smith, and K. Williams. 2001. "Influence of water temperature on the exotic cladoceran, Daphnia lumholtzi" Journal of Plankton Research. 23. 425-433.
  • Masson, S., B. Pinel-Alloul, and V. H. Smith. 2000. "Total phosphorus-chlorophyll a size fraction relationships in southern Québec lakes" Limnology and Oceanography. 45. 732-740.
  • Graham, D. W., M. K. Miley, F. J. deNoyelles, V. H. Smith, E. M. Thurman, and R. Carter. 2000. "Alachlor transformation patterns in aquatic field microcosms under variable oxygen and nutrient conditions" Water Research. 34. 11-19.
  • Smith, V. H. and S. J. Bennett. 1999. "Nitrogen:phosphorus supply ratios and phytoplankton community structure in lakes" Archiv für Hydrobiologie. 146. 37-53.
  • Gophen, M., V. H. Smith, A. Nishri, and S. T. Threlkeld. 1999. "Nitrogen deficiency, phosphorus sufficiency, and the invasion of Lake Kinneret, Israel, by the N2-fixing cyanobacterium Aphanizomenon ovalisporum" Aquatic Sciences. 61. 293-306.
  • Graham, W. H., D. W. Graham, F. de Noyelles, V. H. Smith, C. K. Larive, and E. M. Thurman. 1999. "Metolachlor and alachlor breakdown product formation patterns in aquatic field mesocosms" Environmental Science and Technology. 33. 4471-4476.
  • Smith, V. H., G. D. Tilman, and J. C. Nekola. 1999. "Eutrophication: impacts of excess nutrient inputs on freshwater, marine, and terrestrial ecosystems" Environmental Pollution. 100. 179-196.
  • Kann, J. and V. H. Smith. 1999. "Estimating the probability of exceeding elevated pH values critical to fish populations in a hypereutrophic lake" Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 56. 1-9.
  • Graham, D. W., V. H. Smith, K. P. Law, and D. L. Cleland. 1999. "Effects of nitrogen and phosphorus supplements on hexadecane biodegradation in soil systems" Water, Air, and Soil Pollution. 111. 1-18.
  • Graham, D. W., D. Miles, F. J. deNoyelles, and V. H. Smith. 1999. "Development of small outdoor microcosms for studying contaminant transformation rates and mechanisms under various water column conditions" Environmental Contamination and Ecotoxicology. 18. 1124-1132.
  • Smith, V. H.. 1999. "ASLO ’99 Gala: A blend of aquatic science history and personal perspectives" ASLO Bulletin. 8(1). 26.
  • Carpenter, S. R., N. F. Caraco, D. L. Correll, R. W. Howarth, A. N. Sharpley, and V. H. Smith. 1998. "Nonpoint pollution of surface waters with phosphorus and nitrogen" Ecological Applications. 8. 559-568.
  • Smith, V. H. and D. J. Pippin. 1998. "Implications of resource-ratio theory for oral microbial ecology" European Journal of Oral Sciences. 106. 605-615.
  • Smith, V. H.. 1998. "Cultural eutrophication of inland, estuarine, and coastal waters" Successes, Limitations and Frontiers in Ecosystem Science. edited by Pace, M. L. and P. M. Groffman. 7-49.
  • Smith, V. H., D. L. Cleland, and D. W. Graham. 1998. "Application of resource-ratio theory to hydrocarbon bioremediation" Environmental Science and Technology. 32. 3386-3395.
  • Dodds, W. K., V. H. Smith, and B. Zander. 1997. "Developing nutrient targets to control benthic chlorophyll levels in streams: A case study of the Clark Fork River" Water Research. 31. 1838-1750.
  • Smith, V. H. and R. D. Holt. 1996. "Resource competition and within-host disease dynamics" Trends in Ecology and Evolution. 11. 386-389.
  • Havens, K. E., N. G. Aumen, R. T. James, and V. H. Smith. 1996. "Rapid ecological changes in a large subtropical lake undergoing cultural eutrophication" Ambio. 25. 150-155.
  • Smith, V. H.. 1996. "Joseph Shapiro honored at the ASLO ’96 meeting in Milwaukee" ASLO Bulletin. 5(2). 27-28.
  • Havens, K. E., V. J. Bierman, R. T. James, B. L. Jones, and V. H. Smith. 1995. "Historical trends in the Lake Okeechobee ecosystem. VI. Synthesis" Archiv für Hydrobiologie Monographische Beitrage. 107. 99-109.
  • Smith, V. H., V. J. Bierman, B. L. Jones, and K. E. Havens. 1995. "Historical trends in the Lake Okeechobee ecosystem. IV. Nitrogen:phosphorus ratios, cyanobacterial biomass, and nitrogen fixation potential" Archiv für Hydrobiologie Monographische Beitrage. 107. 69-86.
  • James, R. T., V. H. Smith, and B. L. Jones. 1995. "Historical trends in the Lake Okeechobee ecosystem. III. Water quality" Archiv für Hydrobiologie Monographische Beitrage. 107. 48-68.
  • James, R. T., B. L. Jones, and V. H. Smith. 1995. "Historical trends in the Lake Okeechobee ecosystem. II. Nutrient budgets" Archiv für Hydrobiologie Monographische Beitrage. 107. 25-47.
  • James, R. T., K. O'Dell, and V. H. Smith. 1994. "Water quality improvements of Lake Tohopekaliga, Florida, USA: Responses to watershed management" Water Resources Bulletin. 30. 1-16.
  • Smith, V. H.. 1993. "Resource competition between host and pathogen" BioScience. 43. 21-31.
  • Smith, V. H.. 1993. "Implications of resource-ratio theory for microbial ecology" Advances in Microbial Ecology. edited by Jones, J. G.. 13. 1-37.
  • Smith, V. H.. 1993. "Applicability of resource-ratio theory to aquatic microbial ecology" Limnology and Oceanography. 38. 239-249.
  • Smith, V. H.. 1992. "Effects of nitrogen and phosphorus ratios on nitrogen fixation in agricultural and pastoral ecosystems" Biogeochemistry. 18. 19-35.
  • Smith, V. H.. 1991. "Competition between consumers" Limnology and Oceanography. 36. 820-823.
  • Smith, V. H.. 1990. "Phytoplankton responses to eutrophication in inland waters" An introduction to applied phycology. edited by Akatsuka, I.. 231-249.
  • Smith, V. H.. 1990. "Nitrogen, phosphorus, and nitrogen fixation in lacustrine and estuarine ecosystems" Limnology and Oceanography. 35. 1852-1859.
  • Smith, V. H.. 1990. "Effects of nutrients and non-algal turbidity on blue-green algal biomass in North Carolina reservoirs" Lake and Reservoir Management. 6. 125-131.
  • Rast, W., V. H. Smith, and J. A. Thornton. 1989. "Characteristics of eutrophication" The control of eutrophication of lakes and reservoirs. edited by Ryding, S. and W. Rast. 1. 37-63.
  • Smith, V. H., E. Willén, and B. Karlsson. 1987. "Predicting the summer peak biomass of four species of blue-green algae (Cyanophyta/Cyanobacteria) in Swedish lakes" Water Resources Bulletin. 23. 397-402.
  • Sonzogni, W. C., R. P. Canale, D. C. L. Lam, W. Lick, D. M. Mackay, C. K. Minns, W. L. Richardson, D. Scavia, V. H. Smith, and W. M. J. Strachan. 1987. "Large lake models - Uses, abuses and future" Journal of Great Lakes Research. 13. 394-396.
  • Smith, V. H. and M. Wallsten. 1986. "Prediction of emergent and floating-leaved macrophyte cover in Central Swedish lakes" Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 43. 2519-2523.
  • Smith, V. H.. 1986. "Light and nutrient effects on the relative biomass of blue-green algae in lake phytoplankton" Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 43. 148-153.
  • Smith, V. H.. 1985. "Predictive models for the biomass of blue-green algae in lakes" Water Resources Bulletin. 21. 433-439.
  • Smith, V. H.. 1983. "Low nitrogen to phosphorus ratios favor dominance by blue-green algae in lake phytoplankton" Science. 221. 669-671.
  • Smith, V. H.. 1983. "Light and nutrient dependence of photosynthesis by algae" Journal of Phycology. 19. 306-313.
  • Smith, V. H.. 1982. "The nitrogen and phosphorus dependence of algal biomass in lakes: An empirical and theoretical analysis." Limnology and Oceanography. 27. 1101-1112.
  • Smith, V. H. and J. Shapiro. 1981. "Chlorophyll-phosphorus relations in individual lakes: Their importance to lake restoration strategies" Environmental Science and Technology. 15. 444-451.
  • Smith, V. H.. 1979. "Nutrient dependence of primary productivity in lakes" Limnology and Oceanography. 24. 1051-1064.

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