Val H. Smith

College of Liberal Arts and Sciences - Ecology & Evolutionary Biology
Professor
Primary office:
785-864-4565
Haworth Hall
Room 6007
University of Kansas
1200 Sunnyside Avenue
Lawrence, KS 60045-7534
Second office:



Dr. Val Smith's research program focuses on the relationships between resource supplies and the structure and function of biological systems.

Teaching Interests

  • General Biology
  • Disease Ecology
  • Freshwater Ecology

Research

My primary area of expertise is in the area of phytoplankton ecology, and I have worked extensively on the relationships between nutrient loading and the occurrence of bloom-forming blue-green algae in lakes and estuaries worldwide. I have extensive experience in the quantitative comparative analysis of both aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems, and I have strong interests in the mechanisms that generate and maintain biological diversity. In addition, I interested in the mechanisms that regulate the biogeochemical cycles of carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus. I have recently expanded my research into the area of disease ecology, and I am involved in both empirical and experimental investigations of the relationships between host nutrition and the outcome of infectious disease in both plants and animals. In addition, I am actively involved in KU's Feedstock to Tailpipe Initiative; my team seeks to produce renewable biofuels from algae produced in wastewater-fed, outdoor bioreactors.

Research Interests

  • Biodiversity
  • Biology
  • Ecology
  • Microbiology
  • Physiology

Selected Publications

McBride, R. C., Smith, V. H., Carney, L. T., & Lane, T. W. (in press). Crop protection in open ponds. In S. P. Slocombe & J. R. BenemannMicro-Algal Production for Biomass and High-Value Products. CRC Press.

Carney, L. T., McBride, R. C., Smith, V. H., & Lane, T. W. (in press). Molecular diagnostic solutions in algal cultivation systems. In S. P. Slocombe & J. R. BenemannMicro-Algal Production for Biomass and High-Value Products. CRC Press.

Smith, V. H. (2014). Advances in algal biofuels and bioproducts. Industrial Biotechnology, 10, 159–161.

Smith, V. H., & Crews, T. (2014). Applying ecological principles of crop cultivation in large-scale algal biomass production. Algal Research, 4, 23–34.

Smith, V. H., Dodds, W. K., Havens, K. H., Engstrom, D. R., Paerl, H. W., Moss, B., & Likens, G. E. (2014). Comment: Cultural eutrophication of natural lakes in the United States is real and widespread. Limnology and Oceanography, 59, 2217–2225.

Song, C., Ballantyne, F., & Smith, V. H. (2014). Enhanced dissolved organic carbon production in aquatic ecosystems in response to elevated atmospheric CO2. Biogeochemistry, 118, 49-60.

Witthaus, L., Smith, V. H., Sturm, B. M. S., & Carney, E. (2014). Evaluation of empirical models coupled with EUTROMOD for water quality prediction in Kansas reservoirs. Inland Waters, 4, 167-178.

Yun, J., Smith, V. H., deNoyelles, F. J., Roberts, G. W., & Williams, S. M. (2014). Freshwater macroalgae as a biofuels feedstock: Mini-review and assessment of their bioenergy potential. Industrial Biotechnology, 10, 212–220.

Smith, V. H. (2014). Nutrient supply differentially alters the dynamics of co-infecting phytoviruses. New Phytologist, 204, 265–267.

Metson, G. S., Smith, V. H., Cordell, D., Vaccari, D. A., Elser, J. J., & Bennett, E. M. (2014). Phosphorus is a key component of the resource demands for meat, eggs, and dairy production in the United States. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 111, E4906–E4907. DOI:10.1073/pnas.1417759111

Bode, C., Criss, M., Ising, A., McCue, S., Ralph, S., Sharp, S., Smith, V., & Sturm, B. (2014). Pond power: How to use algae to energize inquiry and interdisciplinary connections. The Science Teacher, 81(2), 43-49.

Van de Waal, D. B., Smith, V. H., Declerck, S. A. J., Stam, E. C. M., & Elser, J. J. (2014). Stoichiometric regulation of phytoplankton toxins. Ecology Letters, 17, 736–742.

Smith, V. H., Forsberg, C. W., Gaxiola, R. A., Crawford, T. W., Sharpley, A. R., Schreeg, L., & Chaffin, B. (2013). Sustainable P in agriculture: Food and fuel. In K. Wyant, J. Corman, & J. J. ElserPhosphorus, Food, and Our Future. New York, USA: Oxford University Press.

Shurin, J. B., Abbott, R. L., Deal, M. S., Kwan, G., Litchman, E., McBride, R., Mandal, S., & Smith, V. H. (2013). Industrial-strength ecology: Tradeoffs and opportunities in algal biofuel production. Ecology Letters, 16, 1393–1404.

Martín-Cereceda, M., Smith, V. H., & Kyle, M. (2012). Variation of metal content in 15 bacteria grown under carbon-, iron-, nitrogen-, and phosphorus-limiting conditions. In A. Mendez-VilasMicrobes in Applied Research: Current Advances and Challenges (pp. 192-198). London: World Scientific.

Sturm, B. S. M., Peltier, E., Smith, V. H., & deNoyelles, F. (2012). Controls of microalgal biomass and lipid production in municipal wastewater-fed bioreactors. Environmental Progress and Sustainable Energy, 31, 10-16.

Snow, A. A., & Smith, V. H. (2012). Genetically engineered algae for biofuels: A key role for ecologists. BioScience, 62, 765-768.

Smith, V. H. (2012). Sustainable Development of Algal Biofuels in the United States, National Research Council (NRC). Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

Dzialowski, A. R., Smith, V. H., Wang, S. H., & deNoyelles, F. (2011). Effects of non-algal turbidity on cyanobacterial biomass in seven turbid Kansas reservoirs. Journal of Lake and Reservoir Management, 27, 6-14.

Foster, B. L., Questad, E., Collins, C., Murphy, C., Smith, V. H., & Dickson, T. (2011). Species availability constrains plant species sorting and community assembly along a soil fertility gradient. Journal of Ecology, 99, 473-481.

Huggins, D., Baker, D., Welker, G., Smith, E., & Smith, V. H. (2011). Nutrient reference condition identification and ambient water quality criteria development process: Freshwater lakes and reservoirs within EPA Region VII In .U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Kansas City, KS.

Smith, V. H. (2011). The ecology of algal biofuel production. ActionBioscience.org. http://www.actionbioscience.org/biotech/smith.html

Foster, B. L., Khavin, I. S., Murphy, C. A., Smith, V. H., Ramspott, M. E., Price, K. P., & Kindscher, K. (2010). Integrated responses of grassland biodiversity and ecosystem properties to hay management: A field experiment. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science, 113, 103-119.

Souchu, P., Bec, B., Smith, V. H., Laugier, T., Fiandrino, A., Benau, L., Orsoni, V., Collos, Y., & Vaquer, A. (2010). Patterns in nutrient limitation and chlorophyll-a along an anthropogenic eutrophication gradient in French Mediterranean coastal lagoons. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 67, 743-753.

Smith, V. H., Sturm, B. S. M., deNoyelles, F., & Billings, S. A. (2010). The ecology of algal biodiesel production. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 25, 301-309.

Smith, V. H. (2010). Vitamin C deficiency is an under-diagnosed contributor to degenerative disc disease in the elderly. Medical Hypotheses, 74, 695-697.

Smith, V. H. (2009). Eutrophication. In G. E. LikensEncyclopedia of Inland Waters (Vol. 3, pp. 61-73). Elsevier: Oxford.

Dzialowski, A. R., Smith, V. H., Huggins, D. G., deNoyelles, F., Lim, N. C., & Beury, J. (2009). Development of predictive models for geosmin-related taste and odor in Midwestern U.S. drinking water reservoirs. Water Research, 43, 2829-2840.

Smith, V. H., & Schindler, D. W. (2009). Eutrophication science: Where do we go from here? Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 24, 201-207.

Smith, V. H., Hershey, A. E., & Drenner, R. W. (2009). Obituary: W. John O’Brien, 1943-2009. ASLO Bulletin, 18(4), 98-99.

Smith, V. H., & Schindler, D. W. (2009). Reply to Russell and Connell: Eutrophication science: Where do we go from here? Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 24, 528-529.

Smith, V. H., Hershey, A. E., & Drenner, R. W. (2009). W. John O'Brien: A distinguished limnologist and ecologist, and a wonderful story-teller. Fundamental and Applied Limnology , 175, 181-184.

Frost, P. C., Ebert, D., & Smith, V. H. (2008). Bacterial infection changes the elemental composition of Daphnia magna. Journal of Animal Ecology, 77, 1265-1272.

Dzialowski, A. R., & Smith, V. H. (2008). Context dependent effects of consumer identity and diversity on freshwater ecosystem function. Freshwater Biology, 53, 148-158.

Yanik, E. L., & Smith, V. H. (2008). Effects of food supply on susceptibility of Culex mosquitoes to the fungal biocontrol agent, Beauveria bassiana. Verhandlungen der Internationale Vereinegung für Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie, 30(4), 509-511.

Frost, P. C., Ebert, D., & Smith, V. H. (2008). Responses of a bacterial pathogen to phosphorus limitation of its aquatic invertebrate host. Ecology, 89, 313-318.

Horner-Devine, M. C., Silver, J., Leibold, M. A., Bohannan, B. J. M., Colwell, R., Furhman, J., Greem, J., Kuske, C., Hughes Martiny, J. B., Øvreas, L., Reysenbach, A. L., Smith, V. H., & Muyzer, G. (2007). A comparison of taxon co-occurrence patterns for macro- and microorganisms. Ecology, 88, 1345-1353.

Dzialowski, A. R., Smith, V. H., & Lennon, J. T. (2007). Food web structure provides biotic resistance against plankton invasion attempts. Biological Invasions, 9, 257-267.

Hall, S. D., Leibold, M. A., Lytle, D. A., & Smith, V. H. (2007). Grazers, producer stoichiometry, and the light:nutrient hypothesis revisited. Ecology, 88, 1142-1152.

Smith, V. H. (2007). Host resource supplies influence the dynamics and outcome of infectious disease. Integrative and Comparative Biology, 47, 310-316.

Smith, V. H. (2007). Microbial diversity-productivity relationships in aquatic ecosystems. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 62, 181-186.

Smith, V. H. (2007). Using primary productivity as an index of coastal eutrophication: the units of measurement matter. Journal of Plankton Research, 29, 1-6.

Smith, V. H., Joye, S. B., & Howarth, R. W. (2006). Eutrophication of freshwater and marine ecosystems. Limnology and Oceanography, 51, 351-355.

Hall, S. R., Leibold, M. A., Lytle, D. A., & Smith, V. H. (2006). Inedible plants in stoichiometrically-explicit food webs: inter-trophic competition and controls on food quality for grazers. American Naturalist, 167, 628-637.

Hughes Martiny, J. B., Bohannan, B. J. M., Brown, J. H., Colwell, R., Fuhrman, J., Green, J., Horner-Devine, M. C., Kane, M., Krumins, J., Kuske, C., Morin, P., Naeem, S., Øvreas, L., Reysenbach, A. L., & Smith, V. H. (2006). Microbial biogeography: putting microbes on the map. Nature Reviews Microbiology , 4, 102-112.

Smith, V. H. (2006). National Science Foundation’s Research Experiences for Undergraduates Program. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America, 87(4), 248.

Smith, V. H. (2006). Responses of estuarine and coastal marine phytoplankton to nitrogen and phosphorus enrichment. Limnology and Oceanography, 51, 377-384.

Smith, V. H. (2006). Teaching objective science. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 4, 59.

Hessen, D. O., Faafeng, B., Smith, V. H., & Walseng, B. (2006). Zooplankton species richness in lakes: extrinsic constraints and intrinsic drivers. Ecology, 87, 433-443.

Chapin, B. K., deNoyelles, F., Graham, D. W., & Smith, V. H. (2005). A deep maximum of green sulfur bacteria (“Chlorochromatium aggregatum”) in a strongly stratified Kansas reservoir (U.S.A.). Freshwater Biology, 49, 1337-1354.

Wang, S. H., Huggins, D. G., Frees, L., Volkman, C. G., Lim, N. C., Baker, D. S., Smith, V., & deNoyelles, F. (2005). An integrated modeling approach to total watershed management: Water quality and watershed assessment of Cheney Reservoir, Kansas, USA. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 164, 1-19.

Hall, S. R., Smith, V. H., Lytle, D. A., & Leibold, M. A. (2005). Constraints on primary producer N:P stoichiometry along N:P supply ratio gradients. Ecology, 86, 1894-1904.

Smith, V. H. (2005). Geddes’ second letter. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 3, 469-470.

Smith, V. H., Jones, T. P., & Smith, M. S. (2005). Nutrition and disease: An ecological view. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 3, 268-274.

Smith, V. H. (2005). Opinion versus scientific consensus. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 3, 302.

Smith, V. H., Foster, B. L., Grover, J. P., Holt, R. D., Leibold, M. A., & deNoyelles, F. (2005). Phytoplankton species richness scales consistently from laboratory microcosms to the world’s oceans. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA , 102, 4393-4396.

Seip, K. L., Alvarez Cobelas, M., Doledec, M. S., Fang, J., Smith, V. H., & Vorontsova, O. S. (2005). Preferences for environmental issues among environmentally-concerned citizens in six countries. Environmental Conservation, 32, 288-293.

Graham, D. W., & Smith, V. H. (2004). Designed ecosystem services: Applications of ecological principles in wastewater treatment engineering. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 2, 199-206.

Foster, B. L., Dickson, T. L., Murphy, C. A., Karel, I. S., & Smith, V. H. (2004). Propagule pools mediate community assembly and diversity-ecosystem regulation along a grassland productivity gradient. Journal of Ecology, 92, 435-499.

Hall, S. R., Leibold, M. A., Lytle, D. A., & Smith, V. H. (2004). Stoichiometry and grazer community composition over gradients of light, nutrients, and predation risk. Ecology, 85, 2291-2301.

Horner-Devine, C., Leibold, M., Smith, V., & Bohannan, B. (2003). Bacterial diversity patterns along a gradient of primary productivity. Ecology Letters, 6, 1-10.

Wilson, B. A., Smith, V. H., deNoyelles, F., & Larive, C. K. (2003). Effects of three pharmaceutical and personal care products on natural freshwater algal assemblages. Environmental Science and Technology, 37, 1713-1719.

Smith, V. H. (2003). Eutrophication of freshwater and marine ecosystems: A global problem. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 10, 126-139.

Lennon, J. T., Smith, V. H., & Dzialowski, A. R. (2003). Invasibility of plankton food webs along a trophic state gradient. Oikos, 103, 191-203.

Havens, K. E., James, R. T., East, T. L., & Smith, V. H. (2003). N:P Ratios, light limitation, and cyanobacterial dominance in a subtropical lake impacted by non-point source nutrient pollution. Environmental Pollution, 122, 379-390.

Dzialowski, A. R., Lennon, J. T., O'Brien, W. J., & Smith, V. H. (2003). Predator-induced phenotypic plasticity in the exotic cladoceran Daphnia lumholtzi. Freshwater Biology, 48, 1593-1602.

Earnhart, D., & Smith, V. H. (2003). The countervailing effects of atrazine on water recreation: I. How do recreators evaluate them? Water Resources Research , 39, 1081.

Randtke, S. J., Pan, S., deNoyelles, F., Graham, D. W., & Smith, V. H. (2003). Occurrence, biodegradation, and control of geosmin and MIB in Midwestern water supplies. In Proceedings of the 53rd Annual Environmental Engineering Conference, University of Kansas. Lawrence, Kansas.

Kincaid, P., Smith, V. H., Foster, B. L., & Madden, V. L. (2002). Effects of phosphorus and nitrogen manipulations on tallgrass prairie restoration. In National Proceedings, Forest and Conservation Nursery Associations, 1999, 2000, 2001 (pp. 364-369). Ogden, UT: USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station.

Smith, V. H. (2002). Effects of resource supplies on the structure and function of microbial communities. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek , 81(1-4), 99-106.

Foster, B. L., Smith, V. H., Dickson, T. L., & Hildebrand, T. (2002). Invasibility and compositional stability in a grassland community: relationships to diversity and extrinsic factors. Oikos, 99, 301-308.

Smith, V. H., Sieber-Denlinger, J., deNoyelles, F., Campbell, S., Pan, S., Randtke, S. J., Blain, G. T., & Strasser, V. A. (2002). Managing taste and odor problems in a eutrophic drinking water reservoir. Lake and Reservoir Management , 18, 318-322.

Dodds, W. K., Smith, V. H., & Lohman, K. (2002). Nitrogen and phosphorus relationships to benthic algal biomass in temperate streams. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 59, 865-874.

Smith, V. H. (2002). Engaging students in the classroom., 5, 9-11.

Lennon, J. T., Smith, V. H., & Williams, K. (2001). Influence of water temperature on the exotic cladoceran, Daphnia lumholtzi. Journal of Plankton Research, 23, 425-433.

Smith, V. H. (2001). Blue-green algae in eutrophic fresh waters., 21(1), 34-37.

Smith, V. H. (2001). On exam-writing strategies., 5(2), 3.

Smith, V. H. (2000). Convenor's Introduction to the Symposium on the Ecology of Infectious Diseases. In Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium on Microbial Ecology. Halifax, Nova Scotia.

Graham, D. W., Miley, M. K., deNoyelles, F., Smith, V. H., Thurman, E. M., & Carter, R. (2000). Alachlor transformation patterns in aquatic field microcosms under variable oxygen and nutrient conditions. Water Research, 34, 11-19.

Masson, S., Pinel-Alloul, B., & Smith, V. H. (2000). Total phosphorus-chlorophyll a size fraction relationships in southern Québec lakes. Limnology and Oceanography, 45, 732-740.

Smith, V. H., Wang, S. H., Huggins, D. G., deNoyelles, F., & Kolln, W. S. (2000). Modeling water quality in Midwestern reservoirs. In 50th Environmental Engineering Conference Proceedings (pp. 99-105). Lawrence, Kansas.

Smith, V. H. (1999). ASLO ’99 Gala: A blend of aquatic science history and personal perspectives. ASLO Bulletin, 8(1), 26.

Graham, D. W., Miles, D., deNoyelles, F., & Smith, V. H. (1999). Development of small outdoor microcosms for studying contaminant transformation rates and mechanisms under various water column conditions. Environmental Contamination and Ecotoxicology, 18, 1124-1132.

Graham, D. W., Smith, V. H., Law, K. P., & Cleland, D. L. (1999). Effects of nitrogen and phosphorus supplements on hexadecane biodegradation in soil systems. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 111, 1-18.

Kann, J., & Smith, V. H. (1999). Estimating the probability of exceeding elevated pH values critical to fish populations in a hypereutrophic lake. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 56, 1-9.

Smith, V. H., Tilman, G. D., & Nekola, J. C. (1999). Eutrophication: impacts of excess nutrient inputs on freshwater, marine, and terrestrial ecosystems. Environmental Pollution, 100, 179-196.

Graham, W. H., Graham, D. W., de Noyelles, F., Smith, V. H., Larive, C. K., & Thurman, E. M. (1999). Metolachlor and alachlor breakdown product formation patterns in aquatic field mesocosms. Environmental Science and Technology , 33, 4471-4476.

Gophen, M., Smith, V. H., Nishri, A., & Threlkeld, S. T. (1999). Nitrogen deficiency, phosphorus sufficiency, and the invasion of Lake Kinneret, Israel, by the N2-fixing cyanobacterium Aphanizomenon ovalisporum. Aquatic Sciences, 61, 293-306.

Smith, V. H., & Bennett, S. J. (1999). Nitrogen:phosphorus supply ratios and phytoplankton community structure in lakes. Archiv für Hydrobiologie, 146, 37-53.

Graham, D. G., Graham, W. H., deNoyelles, F., Smith, V. H., & Thurman, E. M. (1999). Natural attenuation of chloroacetinilide herbicides in aquatic systems. In Natural Attenuation of Chlorinated Solvents, Petroleum Hydrocarbons, and Other Organic Compounds; Proceedings of the Fifth International In Situ and On-Site Bioreclamation Symposium (1st ed., Vol. 5, pp. 283-288). San Diego, CA: Batelle Press.

Smith, V. H. (1998). Cultural eutrophication of inland, estuarine, and coastal waters. In M. L. Pace & P. M. GroffmanSuccesses, Limitations and Frontiers in Ecosystem Science (pp. 7-49). New York: Springer-Verlag.

Smith, V. H. (1998). Acta Oecologia 9

Smith, V. H., Cleland, D. L., & Graham, D. W. (1998). Application of resource-ratio theory to hydrocarbon bioremediation. Environmental Science and Technology, 32, 3386-3395.

Smith, V. H., & Pippin, D. J. (1998). Implications of resource-ratio theory for oral microbial ecology. European Journal of Oral Sciences, 106, 605-615.

Carpenter, S. R., Caraco, N. F., Correll, D. L., Howarth, R. W., Sharpley, A. N., & Smith, V. H. (1998). Nonpoint pollution of surface waters with phosphorus and nitrogen. Ecological Applications, 8, 559-568.

Brezonik, P., Bierman, V. J., Alexander, R., Anderson, J., Barko, J., Dortch, M., Hatch, L., Keeney, D., Mulla, D., Smith, V. H., Walker, C., Whitledge, T., & Wiseman, W. (1998). Effects of reducing nutrient loads to surface waters within the Mississippi River Basin and the Gulf of Mexico In .Report of Task Group 4 to the White House Committee on Environment and Natural Resources, Hypoxia Working Group.

Carpenter, S. R., Caraco, N. F., Correll, D. L., Howarth, R. W., Sharpley, A. N., & Smith, V. H. (1998). Nonpoint pollution of surface waters with phosphorus and nitrogen. Issues in Ecology, 3.

Dodds, W. K., Smith, V. H., & Zander, B. (1997). Developing nutrient targets to control benthic chlorophyll levels in streams: A case study of the Clark Fork River. Water Research, 31, 1838-1750.

Cleland, D. D., Smith, V. H., & Graham, D. W. (1997). Microbial population dynamics during hydrocarbon biodegradation under variable nutrient conditions. In Proceedings of the Fourth International In Situ and On-Site Bioreclamation Symposium (Vol. 4, pp. 105-110). San Diego, CA: Batelle Press.

Graham, D. W., & Smith, V. H. (1996). Bioavailability of soil nitrogen and phosphorus for hydrocarbon biodegradation. I&EC Special Symposium, American Chemical Society, 9-11 September 1996, 222-225. Birmingham, AL.

Smith, V. H. (1996). Joseph Shapiro honored at the ASLO ’96 meeting in Milwaukee. ASLO Bulletin, 5(2), 27-28.

Havens, K. E., Aumen, N. G., James, R. T., & Smith, V. H. (1996). Rapid ecological changes in a large subtropical lake undergoing cultural eutrophication. Ambio, 25, 150-155.

Smith, V. H., & Holt, R. D. (1996). Resource competition and within-host disease dynamics. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 11, 386-389.

James, R. T., Jones, B. L., & Smith, V. H. (1995). Historical trends in the Lake Okeechobee ecosystem. II. Nutrient budgets. Archiv für Hydrobiologie Monographische Beitrage, 107, 25-47.

James, R. T., Smith, V. H., & Jones, B. L. (1995). Historical trends in the Lake Okeechobee ecosystem. III. Water quality. Archiv für Hydrobiologie Monographische Beitrage, 107, 48-68.

Smith, V. H., Bierman, V. J., Jones, B. L., & Havens, K. E. (1995). Historical trends in the Lake Okeechobee ecosystem. IV. Nitrogen:phosphorus ratios, cyanobacterial biomass, and nitrogen fixation potential. Archiv für Hydrobiologie Monographische Beitrage, 107, 69-86.

Havens, K. E., Bierman, V. J., James, R. T., Jones, B. L., & Smith, V. H. (1995). Historical trends in the Lake Okeechobee ecosystem. VI. Synthesis. Archiv für Hydrobiologie Monographische Beitrage, 107, 99-109.

Dodds, W. K., & Smith, V. H. (1995). Managing excess chlorophyll levels in the Clark Fork River with nutrient controls In .Prepared for the Montana Department of Health and Environmental Sciences, Helena, Montana.

Graham, D. W., Smith, V. H., & Law, K. (1995). The application of variable nutrient supplies to optimise hydrocarbon biodegradation. In Bioremediation of recalcitrant organics. Proceedings of the Third International In Situ and On-Site Bioreclamation Symposium (pp. 331-340). San Diego, CA: Batelle Press.

James, R. T., O'Dell, K., & Smith, V. H. (1994). Water quality improvements of Lake Tohopekaliga, Florida, USA: Responses to watershed management. Water Resources Bulletin, 30, 1-16.

Smith, V. H. (1993). Implications of resource-ratio theory for microbial ecology. In J. G. JonesAdvances in Microbial Ecology (Vol. 13, pp. 1-37). Plenum, New York.

Smith, V. H. (1993). Applicability of resource-ratio theory to aquatic microbial ecology. Limnology and Oceanography, 38, 239-249.

Smith, V. H. (1993). Resource competition between host and pathogen. BioScience, 43, 21-31.

Kann, J., & Smith, V. H. (1993). Chlorophyll as a predictor of elevated pH in a hypereutrophic lake: Estimating the probability of exceeding critical values for fish success In .Klamath Tribes Research Report.

Smith, V. H. (1992). Effects of nitrogen and phosphorus ratios on nitrogen fixation in agricultural and pastoral ecosystems. Biogeochemistry , 18, 19-35.

Smith, V. H. (1991). Competition between consumers. Limnology and Oceanography, 36, 820-823.

Smith, V. H., & Cheslak, E. F. (1991). Study Plan: Upper Klamath Lake - Agency Lake Water Quality. Lafayette, CA: EA Engineering, Science, and Technology.

Smith, V. H. (1990). Phytoplankton responses to eutrophication in inland waters. In I. AkatsukaAn introduction to applied phycology (pp. 231-249). Amsterdam: SPB Academic Publishing.

Smith, V. H. (1990). Limnology and Oceanography, 35, 1412-1413.

Smith, V. H. (1990). Effects of nutrients and non-algal turbidity on blue-green algal biomass in North Carolina reservoirs. Lake and Reservoir Management, 6, 125-131.

Smith, V. H. (1990). Nitrogen, phosphorus, and nitrogen fixation in lacustrine and estuarine ecosystems. Limnology and Oceanography, 35, 1852-1859.

Smith, V. H., & Cheslak, E. F. (1990). Preliminary report on Upper Klamath Lake - Agency Lake Water Quality. Lafayette, CA: EA Engineering, Science, and Technology.

Rast, W., Smith, V. H., & Thornton, J. A. (1989). Characteristics of eutrophication. In S. -O. Ryding & W. RastThe control of eutrophication of lakes and reservoirs (Vol. 1, pp. 37-63). Paris: UNESCO.

Smith, V. H. (1988). Limnology and Oceanography, 33, 647.

Smith, V. H. (1987). Lake-watershed interactions: An overview of the effects of nutrients on lakes. In Basic issues in Great Lakes Research (pp. 117-140). Ann Arbor: Great Lakes Research Division, University of Michigan.

Sonzogni, W. C., Canale, R. P., Lam, D. C. L., Lick, W., Mackay, D. M., Minns, C. K., Richardson, W. L., Scavia, D., Smith, V. H., & Strachan, W. M. J. (1987). Large lake models - Uses, abuses and future. Journal of Great Lakes Research, 13, 394-396.

Smith, V. H., Willén, E., & Karlsson, B. (1987). Predicting the summer peak biomass of four species of blue-green algae (Cyanophyta/Cyanobacteria) in Swedish lakes. Water Resources Bulletin, 23, 397-402.

Smith, V. H. (1987). Prediction of nuisance blue-green algal growth in North Carolina waters In .University of North Carolina Water Resources Research Institute Publ.

Smith, V. H. (1986). American Scientist, 74, 305.

Smith, V. H. (1986). Light and nutrient effects on the relative biomass of blue-green algae in lake phytoplankton. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 43, 148-153.

Smith, V. H., & Wallsten, M. (1986). Prediction of emergent and floating-leaved macrophyte cover in Central Swedish lakes. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences , 43, 2519-2523.

Smith, V. H. (1985). Predictive models for the biomass of blue-green algae in lakes. Water Resources Bulletin, 21, 433-439.

Smith, V. H., Rigler, F. H., Choulik, O., Diamond, M., Griesbach, S., & Skraba, D. (1984). Effects of phosphorus fertilization on phytoplankton biomass and phosphorus retention in subarctic Québec lakes. In Verhandlungen der Internationale Vereinegung für Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie (Vol. 22, pp. 376-382).

Smith, V. H., Rigler, F. H., Choulik, O., Diamond, M., Griesbach, S., & Skraba, D. (1984). The effects of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilization on lakes in Schefferville, Québec. In Future directions for research in Nouveau-Québec (Vol. 39, pp. 75-83). McGill University, Montréal, Québec: McGill Subarctic Research Paper.

Smith, V. H., Rigler, F. H., Choulik, O., Griesbach, S., & Skraba, D. (1984). A manual for eutrophication control in the subarctic In .Environmental Studies No. 33, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada, Ottawa, Ontario.

Smith, V. H. (1983). The nitrogen and phosphorus dependence of blue-green algal dominance in lakes. In Lake restoration, protection and management (pp. 237-241).

Smith, V. H. (1983). Light and nutrient dependence of photosynthesis by algae. Journal of Phycology, 19, 306-313.

Smith, V. H. (1983). Low nitrogen to phosphorus ratios favor dominance by blue-green algae in lake phytoplankton. Science, 221, 669-671.

Smith, V. H. (1982). Predicting the effects of eutrophication: Responses in the phytoplankton. In Prediction in water quality (pp. 249-264). Canberra: Australian Academy of Science.

Smith, V. H. (1982). The nitrogen and phosphorus dependence of algal biomass in lakes: An empirical and theoretical analysis. Limnology and Oceanography, 27, 1101-1112.

Smith, V. H., & Shapiro, J. (1981). A retrospective look at the effects of phosphorus removal in lakes. In Restoration of inland lakes and waters (pp. 73-77).

Smith, V. H., & Shapiro, J. (1981). Chlorophyll-phosphorus relations in individual lakes: Their importance to lake restoration strategies. Environmental Science and Technology , 15, 444-451.

Smith, V. H. (1979). Nutrient dependence of primary productivity in lakes. Limnology and Oceanography, 24, 1051-1064.

Selected Grants

Kuang, Y., (Principal), Smith, V. H., (Co-Principal), Collaborative Research: Dynamics and implications of cell quota based models of host cells and viral pathogens in resource-limited environments, National Science Foundation, $700,000, 01/01/2015 - 12/31/2018. Federal. Status: Proposal Submitted.

Foster, B., (Principal), Billings, S. A., (Co-Principal), Hirmas, D. R., (Co-Principal), Kettle, D., (Co-Principal), Smith, V. H., (Co-Principal), Enhancements to Internet and communication systems at the KU Field Station, National Science Foundation, $349,714, 01/01/2013 - 12/31/2016. Federal. Status: Funded.

Efroymson, Rebecca, (Principal), Dale, Virginia, (Principal), Smith, V. H., Preliminary assessment of potential case studies for 'Sustainable Development of Algae for Biofuel', Oak Ridge National Laboratory, $10,000, 12/31/2014. Federal. Status: Funded.

Smith, V. H., (Principal), Tests of the Droop cell quota model for population growth in metazoan animals, University of Kansas General Research Fund, $5,000, 01/01/2013 - 12/31/2014. University (KU or KUMC). Status: Funded.

Wu, J., (Principal), Berrie, C., (Co-Principal), Miller, L. P., (Co-Principal), Smith, V. H., (Co-Principal), Williams, S. M., (Co-Principal), An interdisciplinary scholarship program for students in renewable energy (S-STEM), National Science Foundation, $552,000, 01/01/2011 - 12/31/2014. Federal. Status: Funded.

Billings, S., (Principal), Foster, B., (Co-Principal), Kettle, D., (Co-Principal), Smith, V. H., (Collaborator), Facilities to enhance research and teaching at the University of Kansas Field Station, National Science Foundation, $329,890, 01/01/2011 - 12/31/2014. Federal. Status: Funded.

Bowman-James, K., (Principal), Smith, V. H., Phase VI: Climate change and energy: Basic science, impacts and mitigation, National Science Foundation EPSCoR, $168,000, 01/01/2009 - 12/31/2014. Federal. Status: Funded.

Sturm, B., (Principal), Smith, V. H., Feasibility of renewable feedstocks for production of bio-jet fuel, NASA EPSCoR, $303,495, 01/01/2001 - 05/27/2012. Federal. Status: Funded.

Smith, V., (Principal), deNoyelles, F., (Co-Principal), Martinko, E., (Co-Principal), 'Feedstock to Tailpipe'© Initiative. Algae production and harvest at KU Field Station, Lawrence Wastewater Treatment Plant, and elsewhere: 2011, University of Kansas Transportation Research Institute, $94,013, 12/31/2011. University (KU or KUMC). Status: Funded.

Stagg-Williams, S., (Principal), Billings, S., (Co-Principal), Brunsell, N., (Co-Principal), Depcik, C., (Co-Principal), Guzman, J., (Co-Principal), Peltier, E., (Co-Principal), Smith, V., (Co-Principal), Sturm, B., (Co-Principal), Tabakh, I., (Co-Principal), Weatherly, L., (Co-Principal), KU Biofuels 'Feedstock to Tailpipe'© Initiative, University of Kansas Transportation Research Institute, $12,629, 01/01/2008 - 12/31/2010. University (KU or KUMC). Status: Funded.

Kuang, Y., (Principal), Nagy, J., (Co-Principal), Newman, T., (Co-Principal), Elser, J. J., (Co-Principal), Smith, V. H., (Co-Principal), Smith, M. S., (Co-Principal), Collaborative Research: Towards an integrative mechanistic theory of within-host disease dynamics, National Science Foundation, $342,049, 01/01/2004 - 12/31/2010. Federal. Status: Funded.

Smith, V. H., (Principal), Summer conference participation for undergraduates in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology (REU program), National Science Foundation, $63,000, 01/01/2005 - 12/31/2009. Federal. Status: Funded.

Kettle, D., (Principal), Alexander, H. M., (Co-Principal), Billings, S. A., (Co-Principal), deNoyelles, F., (Co-Principal), Martinko, E., (Co-Principal), Price, K., (Co-Principal), Smith, V. H., (Co-Principal), Enhancement of research and education facilities at the University of Kansas Field Station, National Science Foundation, $323,538, 01/01/2004 - 12/31/2007. Federal. Status: Funded.

Smith, V. H., (Principal), REU Site Supplement, National Science Foundation, $16,629, 12/31/2006. Federal. Status: Funded.

Smith, V. H., (Principal), Support for the 2006 Gordon Research Conference on the Metabolic Basis of Ecology and Evolution, National Science Foundation, $30,500, 12/31/2006. Federal. Status: Funded.

Smith, V. H., (Principal), REU Site: Research experiences for undergraduates in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, National Science Foundation, $200,802, 01/01/2004 - 12/31/2006. Federal. Status: Funded.

Foster, B. L., (Co-Principal), Smith, V. H., (Co-Principal), Plant diversity-productivity relationships: An experimental evaluation of the roles of local ecological processes and species pool effects, National Science Foudation, $365,000, 01/01/2001 - 12/31/2006. Federal. Status: Funded.

Smith, V. H., (Principal), Patterns of biodiversity across environmental gradients: Responses from microbes to consumers, University of Kansas Research Development Fund, $6,897, 01/01/2003 - 12/31/2004. University (KU or KUMC). Status: Funded.

Smith, V., (Principal), deNoyelles, F., (Co-Principal), Earnhart, D., (Co-Principal), Graham, D., (Co-Principal), Ferrington, L., Jr.(Co-Principal), Larive, C., (Co-Principal), Experimental studies of multiple stressors in aquatic ecosystems: Nutrient loading, herbicide residues, and public values, University of Kansas Research Development Fund, $38,793, 01/01/2000 - 12/31/2002. University (KU or KUMC). Status: Funded.

Liebold, M. A., (Co-Principal), Smith, V. H., (Co-Principal), Testing community theories with environment by species-traits correlations: A comparative and experimental approach, National Science Foundation, $300,000, 01/01/1999 - 12/31/2002. Federal. Status: Funded.

Smith, V. H., (Principal), deNoyelles, F., (Co-Principal), Graham, D. W., (Co-Principal), Randtke, S. J., (Co-Principal), Water quality study of Cheney Reservoir, Kansas, City of Wichita Water and Sewer Department, $165,000, 01/01/1999 - 12/31/2002. Local Government. Status: Funded.

Graham, D. W., (Principal), deNoyelles, F. J., (Co-Principal), Smith, V. H., (Co-Principal), The biotransformation of water-soluble herbicides in aerobic aquatic systems, U.S.EPA; Kansas EPSCoR (Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research), $387,000, 01/01/1998 - 12/31/2000. State of Kansas. Status: Funded.

Smith, V. H., (Principal), Development of new models for the management of coastal zone eutrophication in Florida, South Florida Water Management District, $7,500, 01/01/1998 - 12/31/1999. Other States. Status: Funded.

Smith, V. H., (Principal), Effects of nitrogen fertilization on prairie biodiversity and function, 3566, University of Kansas General Research Fund, $9,000, 01/01/1998 - 12/31/1999. University (KU or KUMC). Status: Funded.

O'Brien, W. J., (Principal), deNoyelles, F. J., (Co-Principal), Annett, C. A., (Co-Principal), Graham, D. W., (Co-Principal), Smith, V. H., (Co-Principal), Kettle, D., (Co-Principal), Ferrington, L. C., Jr.(Co-Principal), Dewey, S. L., (Co-Principal), Huggins, D. G., (Co-Principal), FSML: Enhancement of research with experimental aquatic ecosystems at the Kansas Ecological Reserves, National Science Foundation, $22,000, 01/01/1998 - 12/31/1999. Federal. Status: Funded.

Huggins, D., (Principal), deNoyelles, F. J., (Co-Principal), Smith, V. H., (Co-Principal), Assessment of Clinton Reservoir and its watershed, Kansas Department of Health and Environment Nonpoint Source Control Program, $113,890, 01/01/1997 - 12/31/1999. State of Kansas. Status: Funded.

Liebold, M. A., (Co-Principal), Smith, V. H., (Co-Principal), Biodiversity, trophic structure, and productivity: An experimental test in pond ecosystems, National Science Foundation, $180,000, 01/01/1996 - 12/31/1999. Federal. Status: Funded.

Smith, V. H., Effects of nitrogen fertilization on prairie biodiversity and function, 3074, University of Kansas General Research Fund, $6,200, 01/01/1997 - 12/31/1998. University (KU or KUMC). Status: Funded.

O'Brien, W. J., (Principal), Smith, V. H., (Co-Principal), Havel, J., (Co-Principal), Invasion of an exotic Cladoceran into North American reservoirs, National Science Foundation, $45,000, 01/01/1997 - 12/31/1998. Federal. Status: Funded.

Pinel-Alloul, B., (Co-Principal), Smith, V. H., (Co-Principal), Fonds d'aide à la recherche et de soutien aux chercheurs (Québec FCAR team grant: equipment), 01/01/1993 - 12/31/1996. Foundation. Status: Funded.

Pinel-Alloul, B., (Co-Principal), Smith, V. H., (Co-Principal), Groupe de recherche interuniversitaire en limnologie et en environnement aquatique, Fonds d'aide à la recherche et de soutien aux chercheurs (Québec FCAR Center of Research grant), 01/01/1993 - 12/31/1996. Foreign (company, govt, agencies, etc.). Status: Funded.

Pinel-Alloul, B., (Co-Principal), Smith, V. H., (Co-Principal), Modelisation ecologique de l'hétérogéneité spatial des écosystèmes aquatiques, Fonds d'aide à la recherche et de soutien aux chercheurs (Québec FCAR team grant), 01/01/1993 - 12/31/1996. Foreign (company, govt, agencies, etc.). Status: Funded.

Smith, V. H., Invasion of an exotic Cladoceran into North American reservoirs, University of Kansas General Research Fund, $5,000, 01/01/1994 - 12/31/1995. University (KU or KUMC). Status: Funded.

Dodds, W. K., (Co-Principal), Smith, V. H., (Co-Principal), Managing excess chlorophyll levels in the Clark Fork River with nutrient controls, Montana Department of Health and Environmental Sciences, $2,310, 01/01/1994 - 12/31/1995. Other States. Status: Funded.

Pinel-Alloul, B., Smith, V. H., Contrôle environnemental de la structure et du fonctionnement des écosystèmes planctoniques: Effets des facteurs écologiques allochthones et autochthones - Analyses comparatives en milieu d'eau douce et marin. 1. Contrôle environnemental des communautes planktoniques des lacs tempérés, nordiques, et alpins, Fonds d'aide à la recherche et de soutien aux chercheurs (Québec FCAR International Cooperation grant), 01/01/1993 - 12/31/1995. Foreign (company, govt, agencies, etc.). Status: Funded.

Smith, V. H., Ecological effects of nitrogen loading on freshwater aquatic ecosystems, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC operating grant), 01/01/1993 - 12/31/1994. Foreign (company, govt, agencies, etc.). Status: Funded.

Smith, V. H., Lake Okeechobee water quality summary, South Florida Water Management District, $5,120, 01/01/1993 - 12/31/1994. Other States. Status: Funded.

Pinel-Alloul, B., (Co-Principal), Mazumder, A., (Co-Principal), Cattaneo, A., (Co-Principal), Smith, V. H., (Co-Principal), NSERC equipment grant, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, 01/01/1993 - 12/31/1994. Foreign (company, govt, agencies, etc.). Status: Funded.

Smith, V. H., Lake Tohopekaliga restoration summary, South Florida Water Management District, $4,800, 12/31/1993. Other States. Status: Funded.

Downing, J., (Co-Principal), Pinel-Alloul, B., (Co-Principal), Mazumder, A., (Co-Principal), Smith, V. H., (Co-Principal), NSERC equipment grant, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, 12/31/1993. Foreign (company, govt, agencies, etc.). Status: Funded.

Smith, V. H., Preliminary Assessment of Nitrogen Impacts on the Lake Okeechobee Ecosystem, Limno-Tech, Inc, $20,000, 01/01/1991 - 12/31/1993. For Profit (company/corporation). Status: Funded.

Smith, V. H., Dissertation Improvement Grant, National Science Foundation, $4,421, 01/01/1990 - 12/31/1992. Federal. Status: Funded.

Smith, V. H., Evaluation of the effects of a wastewater nitrogen removal policy on water quality in the freshwater Potomac estuary, Limno-Tech, Inc, $5,250, 12/31/1991. For Profit (company/corporation). Status: Funded.

Smith, V. H., Water quality relationships in Upper Klamath Lake, Oregon, EA Engineering, Science, and Technology, $20,000, 12/31/1991. For Profit (company/corporation). Status: Funded.

Smith, V. H., Walter quality in Upper Klamath Lake, Oregon, EA Engineering, Science, and Technology, $10,000, 12/31/1990. For Profit (company/corporation). Status: Funded.

Smith, V. H., An experimental study of the effects of nutrients and inorganic suspended solids on phytoplankton community structure, National Science Foundation, $230,000, 01/01/1988 - 12/31/1990. Federal. Status: Funded.

Smith, V. H., Research Experiences for Undergraduates Supplement to: An experimental study of the effects of nutrients and inorganic suspended solids on phytoplankton community structure, National Science Foundation, $4,000, 12/31/1989. Federal. Status: Funded.

Smith, V. H., Effects of nitrogen, phosphorus, and turbidity on phytoplankton community structure in North Carolina waters, University of North Carolina University Research Council, $1,500, 01/01/1986 - 12/31/1988. Other University. Status: Funded.

Smith, V. H., Prediction of nuisance blue-green algal growth, University of North Carolina Water Resources Research Institute, $3,000, 01/01/1986 - 12/31/1987. Other University. Status: Funded.

Smith, V. H., Prediction of nuisance blue-green algal growth, University of North Carolina University Research Council, $1,500, 01/01/1985 - 12/31/1986. Other University. Status: Funded.

Smith, V. H., Effects of nutrients on subarctic Québec lakes, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada, 01/01/1983 - 12/31/1984. Foreign (company, govt, agencies, etc.). Status: Funded.


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