Folashade Benette Agusto

Natural Sciences and Mathematics - Ecology & Evolutionary Biology
Assistant Professor
Primary office:
Haworth Hall, 3002
University of Kansas
1200 Sunnyside Avenue
Lawrence, KS 66045
Second office:


Dr. Agusto's research work is focused on the use of mathematical and statistical modeling approaches to gain insight into the ecology and epidemiology of some emerging and re-emerging human and zoonotic disease of public health importance. 

Research Interests

  • Ordinary differential and partial equations
  • Mathematical biology
  • Mathematical modeling
  • And optimal control with applications to populations, diseases and natural resources

Selected Publications

Agusto, Folashade. “Optimal Control and Cost-Effective Analysis of the 2017 Meningitis Outbreak in Nigeria.” Journal Articles. Infectious Disease Modelling 4 (2019): 161–87.
Wagner , Rebekah, and Folashade Agusto. “Transmission Dynamics for Methicilin-Resistant Staphalococous Areus with Injection Drug User.” Journal Articles. BMC Infectious Diseases 18, no. 1 (2018): 69.
Manore, Carrie, Richard Ostfeld, Folashade Agusto, Holly Gaff, and Shannon LaDeau. “Defining the Risk of Zika and Chikungunya Virus Transmission in Human Population Centers of the Eastern United States.” Journal Articles. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 2017.
Agusto, F.B., S. Bewick, and W.F. Fagan. “Mathematical Model for Zika Virus Dynamics with Sexual Transmission Route.” Journal Articles. Ecological Complexity 29 (2017): 61–81.
Agusto, F.B. “Mathematical Model of Ebola Transmission Dynamics with Relapse and Reinfection.” Journal Articles. Mathematical Biosciences 283 (2017): 48–59.
Agusto , F.  B., S. Bewick, and W. F. Fagan. “Mathematical Model of Zika Virus with Vertical Transmission.” Journal Articles. Journal of Infectious Disease Modelling, 2017.
Leite, M.  C. A., B. Chen-Charpentier , and F. B. Agusto. “Maximizing Harvesting Profit from Forests with Insect Outbreak Disturbances.” Journal Articles. Journal of Theoretical Ecology, 2017.
Agusto, F.B. “Optimal Control and Cost Effective Analysis for a Three Age-Structured Transmission Dynamics of Chikungunya Virus.” Journal Articles. Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems - Series B, 2017.
Agusto , F.  B., and I. M. ELmojtaba . “Optimal Control and Cost-Effective Analysis of Malaria/Visceral Leishmaniasis Co-Infection.” Journal Articles. PLOS One , 2017.
Bewick, Sharon, Folashade Agusto, Justin M Calabrese, Ephantus J Muturi, and William F Fagan. “Epidemiology of La Crosse Virus Emergence, Appalachia Region, United States.” Journal Articles. Emerging Infectious Diseases 22, no. 11 (2016): 1921.
Agusto, Folashade B, Shamise Easley, Kenneth Freeman, and Madison Thomas. “Mathematical Model of Three Age-Structured Transmission Dynamics of Chikungunya Virus.” Journal Articles. Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine 2016 (2016).
Agusto, F.B. “Optimal Control of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Transmission in Hospital Settings.” Journal Articles. Applied Mathematical Modelling 40, no. 7 (2016): 4822–4843.
Gaoue, Orou G, Jiang Jiang, Wandi Ding, Folashade B Agusto, and Suzanne Lenhart. “Optimal Harvesting Strategies for Timber and Non-Timber Forest Products in Tropical Ecosystems.” Journal Articles. Theoretical Ecology, 2016, 1–11.
others, YP Wang, J Jiang, B Chen-Charpentier, FB Agusto, A Hastings, F Hoffman, et al. “Responses of Two Nonlinear Microbial Models to Warming and Increased Carbon Input.” Journal Articles. Biogeosciences 13, no. 4 (2016): 887–902.
others, Martin Rasmussen, Alan Hastings, Matthew J Smith, Folashade B Agusto, Benito M Chen-Charpentier, Forrest M Hoffman, et al. “Transit Times and Mean Ages for Nonautonomous and Autonomous Compartmental Systems.” Journal Articles. Journal of Mathematical Biology, 2016, 1–20.
Bewick, Sharon, William F Fagan, Justin M Calabrese, and Folashade Agusto. “Zika Virus: Endemic versus Epidemic Dynamics and Implications for Disease Spread in the Americas.” Journal Articles. BioRxiv, 2016, 041897.
others, Paul E Parham, Joanna Waldock, George K Christophides, Deborah Hemming, Folashade Agusto, Katherine J Evans, et al. “Climate, Environmental and Socio-Economic Change: Weighing up the Balance in Vector-Borne Disease Transmission.” Journal Articles. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 370, no. 1665 (2015): 20130551.
Agusto, Folashade B, Miranda I Teboh-Ewungkem, and Abba B Gumel. “Mathematical Assessment of the Effect of Traditional Beliefs and Customs on the Transmission Dynamics of the 2014 Ebola Outbreaks.” Journal Articles. BMC Medicine 13, no. 1 (2015): 1.
Agusto, Folashade B, Justin Cook, PD Shelton, and MG Wickers. “Mathematical Model of MDR-TB and XDR-TB with Isolation and Lost to Follow-Up.” Other. Abstract and Applied Analysis. Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2015.
Agusto, FB, KN Knight, and M Jones. “Modeling of Community-and Hospital-Acquired Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Transmission in Hospital Settings.” Journal Articles. BIOMATH 4, no. 2 (2015): 1511161.
Hota, Sanjukta, Folashade Agusto, Hem Raj Joshi, and Suzanne Lenhart. “Optimal Control and Stability Analysis of an Epidemic Model with Education Campaign and Treatment.” Journal Articles. . . Dynamical Systems, Differential Equations and Applications AIMS Proceedings, 2015, 621–634.
JoshiI, Hem Raj, Suzanne Lenhart, Sanjukta Hota, and Folashade Agusto. “Optimal Control of an SIR Model with Changing Behavior through an Education Campaign.” Journal Articles. Electronic Journal of Differential Equations 2015, no. 50 (2015): 1–14.
Agusto, F.B., A.B. Gumel, and P.E. Parham. “Qualitative Assessment of the Role of Temperature Variations on Malaria Transmission Dynamics.” Journal Articles. Journal of Biological Systems 23, no. 04 (2015): 1550030.
Boete, C, FB Agusto, and RG Reeves. “Impact of Mating Behaviour on the Success of Malaria Control through a Single Inundative Release of Transgenic Mosquitoes.” Journal Articles. Journal of Theoretical Biology 347 (2014): 33–43.
Agusto, F.B. “Malaria Drug Resistance: The Impact of Human Movement and Spatial Heterogeneity.” Journal Articles. Bulletin of Mathematical Biology 76, no. 7 (2014): 1607–1641.
Agusto, FB, and AI Adekunle. “Optimal Control of a Two-Strain Tuberculosis-HIV/AIDS Co-Infection Model.” Journal Articles. Biosystems 119 (2014): 20–44.
Agusto, Folashade B, and Jean M Tchuenche. “Control Strategies for the Spread of Malaria in Humans with Variable Attractiveness.” Journal Articles. Mathematical Population Studies 20, no. 2 (2013): 82–100.
Johnson, R.and Whitlock, B., T. Massaro, S. Lenhart, M. Spence, C. Drakes, G. Yang, F. Agusto, A. Wadhwa, and S. Eda. “Modeling for Cost Analysis of Johne’s Disease Control Based on Evelisa Testing.” Journal Articles. Journal of Biological Systems 21, no. 04 (2013): 1340010.
Agusto, Folashade, and Suzanne Lenhart. “Optimal Control of the Spread of Malaria Superinfectivity.” Journal Articles. Journal of Biological Systems 21, no. 04 (2013): 1340002.
Agusto, FB. “Optimal Isolation Control Strategies and Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of a Two-Strain Avian Influenza Model.” Journal Articles. BioSystems 113, no. 3 (2013): 155–164.
Wang, YP, BC Chen, WR Wieder, YQ Luo, M Leite, BE Medlyn, M Rasmussen, MJ Smith, FB Agusto, and F Hoffman. “Oscillatory Behavior of Two Nonlinear Microbial Models of Soil Carbon Decomposition.” Journal Articles. Biogeosciences Discussions 10 (2013): 19661–19700.
Agusto, FB, and AB Gumel. “Qualitative Dynamics of Lowly-and Highly-Pathogenic Avian Influenza Strains.” Journal Articles. Mathematical Biosciences 243, no. 2 (2013): 147–162.
Agusto, Folashade B, Sara Y Del Valle, Kbenesh W Blayneh, Calistus N Ngonghala, Maria J Goncalves, Nianpeng Li, Ruijun Zhao, and Hongfei Gong. “The Impact of Bed-Net Use on Malaria Prevalence.” Journal Articles. Journal of Theoretical Biology 320 (2013): 58–65.
Sullivan, A., F. Agusto, S. Bewick, C.i Su, S. Lenhart, and X. Zhao. “A Mathematical Model for Within-Host Toxoplasma Gondii Invasion Dynamics.” Journal Articles. Mathematical Biosciences and Engineering 9, no. 3 (2012): 647–662.
Agusto, F.B, N. Marcus, and K.O. Okosun. “Application of Optimal Control to the Epidemiology of Malaria.” Journal Articles. Electronic Journal of Differential Equations 2012, no. 81 (2012): 1–22.
Agusto, Folashade B, Sharon Bewick, and Rana D Parshad. “Mosquito Management in the Face of Natural Selection.” Journal Articles. Mathematical Biosciences 239, no. 1 (2012): 154–168.
Parshad, Rana D, and Folashade B Agusto. “Global Dynamics of a PDE Model for Aedes Aegypti Mosquitoe Incorporating Female Sexual Preference.” Journal Articles. Dynamics of Partial Differential Equations 8 (2011): 311–343.
Agusto, Folashade B, Suzanne Lenhart, Abba B Gumel, and Agricola Odoi. “Mathematical Analysis of a Model for the Transmission Dynamics of Bovine Tuberculosis.” Journal Articles. Mathematical Methods in the Applied Sciences 34, no. 15 (2011): 1873–1887.
Tchuenche, JM, SA Khamis, FB Agusto, and SC Mpeshe. “Optimal Control and Sensitivity Analysis of an Influenza Model with Treatment and Vaccination.” Journal Articles. Acta Biotheoretica 59, no. 1 (2011): 1–28.
Agusto, F.B., and O.R. Ogunye. “Avian Influenza Optimal Seasonal Vaccination Strategy.” Journal Articles. The ANZIAM Journal 51, no. 04 (2010): 394–405.
Agusto, FB, and KO Okosun. “Optimal Seasonal Biocontrol for Eichhornia Crassipes.” Journal Articles. International Journal of Biomathematics 3, no. 03 (2010): 383–397.
Agusto, Folashade B, and Abba B Gumel. “Theoretical Assessment of Avian Influenza Vaccine.” Journal Articles. DCDS Series B 13, no. 1 (2010): 1–25.
Agusto, FB. “Application of Optimal Control to the Epidemiology of HIV-Malaria Co-Infection.” Journal Articles. Nova Sciences Publishers, Inc, 2009, 139–167.
Agusto, F.B. “Optimal Chemoprophylaxis and Treatment Control Strategies of a Tuberculosis Transmission Model.” Journal Articles. World Journal of Modelling and Simulation 5, no. 3 (2009): 163–173.
Agusto, FB. “Adomian Decomposition Method for the Solution of Optimal Control of Waste Water Model.” Journal Articles. Mathematical Sciences 2, no. 2 (2008): 159–180.
Agusto, F.B., and O.M. Bamigbola. “Existence and Uniqueness for Optimal Control of Oxygen Absorption in Aquatic System.” Journal Articles. Applied Sciences 10 (2008): 9–18.
Agusto, F.B., and O.M. Bamigbola. “Numerical Treatment of the Mathematical Models for Water Pollution.” Journal Articles. Journal of Mathematics and Statistics 3, no. 4 (2007): 172–180.
Agusto, F. B., and O. M. Bamigbola. “Optimal Control for Oxygen Depletion in an Aquatic System.” Journal Articles. Research Journal of Applied Sciences I, no. 1–4 (2006): 63–66.
Agusto, FB, OM Bamigbola, and OP Layeni. “Optimal Control for Filtration.” Other. Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Contemporary Problems in Mathematical Physics, Cotonou, Benin, 2004.
Bamigbola, OM, and FB Agusto. “Optimization in $Rn$ by Coggin’s Method!!!” Journal Articles. International Journal of Computer Mathematics 81, no. 9 (2004): 1145–1152.

Selected Presentations

Agusto, F. (3/6/2016 - 3/7/2016). Modeling of Infectious Diseases with a Focus on Ebola. DIMACS Workshop Dates: March 6 - 7, 2016. Novotel, Dakar, Senegal.
Agusto, F. (3/5/2016). Modeling of Infectious Diseases with a Focus on Ebola. DIMACS Mini-symposium. University Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar, Senegal. http://

Selected Grants

The Role of Phenology and Phenology Change in the Transmission of Arthropod-Borne Diseases Implications for Management on Military Lands. Univ of Maryland-College Park and the Department of Defense (DoD). $125313.00. Submitted 8/18/2015 (3/1/2016 - 1/31/2019). Federal. Status: Funded

The ecological component of my research entails, inter alia, studying the effect of environmental variables (such as temperature) on the abundance of disease vectors as well as modeling invasive species and forest/beetle interactions (aimed at controlling the adverse impact of the species).  The epidemiological component of my work is focused on understanding the transmission mechanisms of disease and to determine effect control strategies.  I have designed and analyzed novel models for the dynamics of diseases such as Ebola, avian influenza, bovine tuberculosis, Johnes disease, toxplasmagondii, Chikungunya, and malaria.

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